Famous Indians

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  • Geronimo 1829-1909

    Geronimo was to have said,” Late one afternoon, we were met by a few women and children who told us that Mexican troops captured our ponies, secured our arms, destroyed our supplies, and killed many of our women and children..when all were counted, I found my aged mother, my young wife and my three small children were among the slain.”

  • Chief Joseph 1840-1904

    In his final years, Chief Joseph spoke eloquently against the injustices of U.S. Government policies and racial discrimination against Indigenous peoples and he held out hope that America's promise of freedom and equality would one day be fulfilled for Native Americans as well.

  • Sarah Winnemucca 1844-1891

    THOCMETONY 'Shell Flower" was also called Sarah Winnemucca. She was one of the first women activists for the Native American cause. She was the grand daughter of Chief Truckee who assisted John C. Fremont in the Bear War to remove the Mexican Army from their lands. Thocmetorny was one of the first Native Americans in the advancement of Native American Education. As an activist and tribal organizer, she personally traveled to Washington D.C. to pleaded her case before United States President Rutherford B. Hayes. Here promises and assurances were not kept and the Paiute Nation Territory was reduced to Pyramid Lake Reservation in Nevada.

  • Tecumseh 1768-1813

    Chief Tecumseh referring to the tribal lands is to have said, “Before me stand the rightful owners of kwaw-notchi-we au-kee [this beautiful land]. The Great Spirit in His wisdom gave it to you and your children to defend and placed you there…And not content with hemming you in on every side, they have built at She-gog-ong [Chicago] in the center of our country, a military fort garrisoned with soldiers, ready and equipped for battle.As sure as waw-kwen-og [the Heavens] are above you, they are determined to destroy you and your children and occupy this goodly land themselves. Then they will destroy these forests whose branches wave in the winds above the graves of your fathers.”


    We have heard of Pocahontas through the Disney animated film as the Indian woman who saved John Smith. The true story is that Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan of the Algonquian Nation was taken prisoner at age 17 by the English while she was on a social visit to Jamestown. John Rolfe, who we can thank for commercializing tobacco, agreed to free her if she would marry him which she did. She died at age 22.

  • Crazy Horse

    Crazy Horse (Tashunka Witko) was known among his people as a farsighted chief, committed to safeguarding the tradition and principles of the Sioux (Lakota) way of life. Distinguished by his fierceness in battle, he was a great general who led his people in a war against the invasion of their homeland by the white man. As a fierce enemy, Crazy Horse summoned the anger, fear — and respect — of the U.S. Government and its army.

  • American Horse - Sioux

    American Horse was chief of the Sioux Nation during the Lakota Wars. He was captured and killed shortly after the battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876.

    American Horse was one of the first advocates of native American Education.

  • Captain Jack - Modoc

    Captain Jack was the Chief of the Modoc Nation. He led his tribe off the Klamath Reservation to their tribal lands on more than one occasion. Captain Jack is said to have killed General Edward Canby in battle which resulted in his trial and subsequent death.

  • CHIPITA - Ute

    Chipita was the wife of the Chief of the Ute Indian Nation Chief Ouray. Towns in Colorado bear the name of both of them.